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A city of southeast Brazil on Guanabara Bay, an arm of the Atlantic Ocean. Individual items of special interest include a rare first edition of Os Lusíadas by Luis de Camões, published in 1584; two copies of the Mogúncia Bible; and a first edition of Handel's Messiah. For example, the hip hop that has stemmed from New York is localized into forms of musical production such as Funk Carioca and Brazilian hip hop. The phrase, fazer frio ("making cold", i.e. [40], The Marapendi lagoon and the Rodrigo de Freitas Lagoon have suffered with the leniency of the authorities and the growth in the number of apartment buildings close by. Some areas within Rio de Janeiro state occasionally have falls of snow grains and ice pellets (popularly called granizo) and hail. [86] The Portuguese cultural influence is still seen in many parts of the city (and many other parts of the state of Rio de Janeiro), including architecture and language. There are also two port facilities for cargo and passenger ships (Rio de Janeiro and Sepetiba port). Up until the time of the marchinhas, the revelry was more of a high class and Caucasian-led event. [123] Largely because of the strength of Brazil's currency at the time, Mercer's city rankings of cost of living for expatriate employees, reported that Rio de Janeiro ranked 12th among the most expensive cities in the world in 2011, up from the 29th position in 2010, just behind São Paulo (ranked 10th), and ahead of London, Paris, Milan, and New York. The information was confirmed late on Friday afternoon, April 9, by the Bolivian Ministry of Health. Rio de Janeiro boasts dramatic views from nearly every angle. Most Brazilians with some cultural contact with Rio know how to easily differentiate between the local dialect, fluminense, and other Brazilian dialects. São Paulo, the largest city in Brazil, has more favelas (1,020) in sheer numbers, but proportionally has fewer people living in favelas than Rio. [174], At the Wharf of Gamboa, leaseholders operate terminals for sugar, paper, iron and steel products. This bicycle sharing system is sponsored by the municipal government of Rio de Janeiro in partnership with Banco Itaú. A genre unique to Rio and Brazil as a whole is Funk Carioca. [9] Despite the high perception of crime, the city actually has a lower incidence of crime than most state capitals in Brazil.[10]. [107] In 2019, police killed an average of five people each day in the state of Rio de Janeiro, with a total of 1,810 killed in the year. Amado, himself, went on to be one of the 40 members of the Academy. Daylight Saving Time (DST) changes do not necessarily occur on the same date every year. Other popular sports are basketball, beach football, beach volleyball, Beach American Football, footvolley, surfing, kite surfing, hang gliding, motor racing, Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, Luta Livre, sailing, and competitive rowing. The factory was officially opened on 8 March 1893, in a complex with varying architectural styles like Italianate, Neo-Gothic and a tower in Mansard Roof style. Brazilians with at least one Portuguese parent, Portuguese immigrants and their descendants, Rio de Janeiro appears in the driving game, Rio de Janeiro was featured in the racing game, Rio de Janeiro appears as a playable map in, Rio de Janeiro appears as a track in the arcade-exclusive racing game, This page was last edited on 4 April 2021, at 12:03. Thus the monsoon-like climate has dry and mild winters and springs, and very wet and warm summers and autumns. V roce 2014 zde žilo přes 6 400 000 obyvatel a v celé městské oblasti pak přes 11 600 000 obyvatel. Yet long before it became a food star, the residents of Rio de Janeiro were eating it as part of their daily life. [136], Primary schools are largely under municipal administration, while the state plays a more significant role in the extensive network of secondary schools. The Metro runs services from 05:00 am to 12:00 midnight, Monday to Saturday, and from 07:00 am to 11:00 pm Sundays and public holidays. Familiarly known as "Rio." The line was restored to its full pre-2011 length of 6 km (4 mi) in January 2019.[195]. The largest Art Deco statue in the world, Christ the Redeemer, beckons visitors to Corcovado Mountain. There were plans to divert the Paraíba do Sul to the Sistema Cantareira (Cantareira system) during the water crisis of 2014 in order to help the critically drought-stricken Greater São Paulo area. [161], As in the rest of Brazil, association football is the most popular sport. Domestic Toll-Free for US and Canada: 1-800-997-1438, Duration: 3 to 5 hours (approx.) In addition to evangelical churches such as the Baptist, Methodist, Seventh-day Adventist and Pentecostal churches, such as the Universal Church of the Kingdom of God, Assembly of God, Christian Congregation in Brazil and The Foursquare Church. Rio de Janeiro has the following partner/friendship cities: Rio de Janeiro is a part of the Union of Ibero-American Capital Cities. Major Brazilian entertainment and media organizations are based in Rio de Janeiro like Organizações Globo and also some of Brazil's major newspapers: Jornal do Brasil, O Dia, and Business Rio. RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL - Bolivia has extended the closure of its border with Brazil for a further 7 days. The city's centre of gravity began to shift south and west to the so-called Zona Sul (South Zone) in the early part of the 20th century, when the first tunnel was built under the mountains between Botafogo and the neighbourhood that is now known as Copacabana. The old farms became worker villages with red-bricks houses, and a neo-gothic church was created, which still exists as the Saint Sebastian and Saint Cecilia Parish Church. [81] The census revealed the following numbers: 3,239,888 White people (51.2%), 2,318,675 Pardo (multiracial) people (36.5%), 708,148 Black people (11.5%), 45,913 Asian people (0.7%), 5,981 Amerindian people (0.1%). Rio de Janeiro is one of the 27 federative units of Brazil. [66] The lowest temperature ever registered in the 21st century was 8.1 °C (46.6 °F) in Vila Militar, July 2011.[68]. White in Brazil is defined more by having a European-looking phenotype rather than ancestry, and two full siblings can be of different "racial" categories[91] in a skin color and phenotype continuum from pálido (branco) or fair-skinned, through branco moreno or swarthy Caucasian, mestiço claro or lighter skinned multiracial, pardo (mixed race) to negro or black. [162], Rio de Janeiro was one of the host cities of the 1950 and 2014 FIFA World Cups, for which on both occasions Brazil was the host nation. [101] In a Contemporary architecture, it has a conical shape, with 96 meters of internal diameter and capacity to receive up to 20 thousand faithful. The immigrants were mostly poor peasants who subsequently found prosperity in Rio as city workers and small traders. The city became the first South American city to host the event and the second Latin American city (after Mexico City in 1968) to host the Games. As a political centre of the country, Rio concentrated the political-partisan life of the Empire. The mutineers took control of the battleship Minas Geraes and threatened to fire on the city. [38] In addition the Flamengo Park is the largest landfill in the city, extending from the center to the south zone, and containing museums and monuments, in addition to much vegetation. The black community was formed by residents whose ancestors had been brought as slaves, mostly from Angola and Mozambique, as well by people of Angolan, Mozambican and West African descent who moved to Rio from other parts of Brazil. [20] Rio continued as the capital of Brazil after 1889, when the monarchy was replaced by a republic. [41][42], There are, on the other hand, signs of decontamination in the lagoon made through a public-private partnership established in 2008 to ensure that the lagoon waters will eventually be suitable for bathing. After the 1964 coup d'état that installed a military dictatorship, the city-state was the only state left in Brazil to oppose the military. ", The largest Brazilian cities – 2010 IBGE Census, "Portuguese descent in the city of Rio de janeiro and Brazil", Venâncio, R.P., "Presença portuguesa: de colonizadores a imigrantes", in, "Color and genomic ancestry in Brazilians", "Consulado do Japão no Rio disponibiliza telefone para prestar informações sobre o país | Agencia Brasil", "Negros e pardos do Rio têm mais genes europeus do que imaginam, segundo estudo", "Association of genetic variants with self-assessed color categories in Brazilians", "2010 Population Census – Rio de Janeiro", "Brazil – Statistics by Diocese by Catholic Population", "Catedral Metropolitana de São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro", "Fiéis participam de procissão em homenagem ao padroeiro do Rio", "FGV: desigualdade entre favela e asfalto cai no Rio", "Rio é a cidade com maior população em favelas do Brasil", "Complicit States and the Governing Strategy of Privilege Violence: When Weakness is Not the Problem", "Rio violence: Police killings reach record high in 2019", "Comparing Brazilian states with countries", "Economy Of Rio de Janeiro, need To Know Economy Of Rio de Janeiro, About Economy Of Rio de Janeiro", "Rio de Janeiro será a capital do petróleo entre os dias 13 e 16 de setembro – Agricultura |RuralBR", "Exports by Product for Rio de Janeiro (2014)", "International Trade by Section for Rio de Janeiro (2014)", "Worldwide Cost of Living survey 2011 – Top 50 cities: Cost of living ranking", "SP é a 10ª cidade mais cara do mundo para estrangeiros; RJ é a 12ª", "Rio de Janeiro lidera lista de hotéis mais caros do País", "Rio de Janeiro is the main tourist destination in the South Hemisphere", "G1 – Rio recebe quase 1 milhão de turistas homossexuais por ano, diz pesquisa – notícias em Rio de Janeiro", "International Schools in Rio de Janeiro", "As 18 melhores universidades do Brasil em 2015 - EXAME.com", "QS University Rankings: Latin America 2015", "Faculdades reconhecidas pelo MEC, Vestibular, Apostilas, Universitário, Profissão, Professor", "Rio de Janeiro International Film Festival", "Official website – National Library of Rio", "Um pedaço de Portugal no Rio de Janeiro – Opinião e Notícia", "The Top 10 Music Festivals in the World", "Rio de Janeiro to host 2016 Olympic Games", "Botafogo vai administrar estádio olímpico do Engenhão", "International Airport of Rio de Janeiro", "WPS – Port of Rio de Janeiro contact information", "Rio de Janeiro Public Transportation Statistics", Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, "O DIA Online – Linha 3 do metrô vai receber R$35 milhões da União", "Tarifa de ônibus no Rio aumenta de R$ 3,40 para R$ 3,80 neste sábado", "Novas tarifas de ônibus com ar condicionado e da integração ônibus-metrô", G1: Bombeiros confirmam cinco mortos em acidente com bonde no Rio, "Santa Teresa Tramway: Vehicles, 1875–present", "Bondinho de Santa Teresa passa por testes", "Prefeitura lança Bike Rio, novo sistema de aluguel de bicicletas da cidade", "Itaú patrocina programa de aluguel de bicicletas no Rio", "Rio + Internacional 2009–2012 / 2013–2016", "Rio-Beirut project to link up sister cities' initiatives", "Перелік міст, з якими Києвом підписані документи про поріднення, дружбу, співробітництво, партнерство", "Liverpool China Sister City Partnerships", "La Déclaration de Nice signée par la Ville de Rio de Janeiro", "Geminação entre cidades de Olhão e Rio de Janeiro vai avançar", "Samarkand and Gyeongju become sister cities", "Lei 1383/89 – Lei nº 1383 de 10 de maio de 1989", Rio de Janeiro Photo Gallery – Year of Brazil, Rio de Janeiro: Carioca Landscapes between the Mountain and the Sea UNESCO property on google arts and culture, Category:Buildings and structures in Rio de Janeiro (city), Transfer of the Portuguese Court to Brazil, Category:Transport in Rio de Janeiro (city), Rio de Janeiro-Galeão International Airport, Category:People from Rio de Janeiro (city), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rio_de_Janeiro&oldid=1015931630, Populated coastal places in Rio de Janeiro (state), 1565 establishments in the Portuguese Empire, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Articles with Portuguese-language sources (pt), Articles with dead external links from May 2017, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Articles with dead external links from February 2016, Articles with dead external links from October 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from February 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with trivia sections from May 2019, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Rio de Janeiro: Carioca Landscapes between the Mountain and the Sea. Then, in 1975, a presidential decree known as "The Fusion" removed the city's federative status and merged it with the State of Rio de Janeiro, with the city of Rio de Janeiro replacing Niterói as the state's capital, and establishing the Rio de Janeiro Metropolitan Region.[32]. Street cinemas and cultural buildings also appeared. The Brazilian drought of 2014–2015, most severe in the Southeast Region and the worst in decades, affected the entire metropolitan region's water supply (a diversion from the Paraíba do Sul River to the Guandu River is a major source for the state's most populous mesoregion). The Brazilian census of 1920 showed that 39.7% of the Portuguese who lived in Brazil lived in Rio de Janeiro. Around the Cinelândia square, there are several landmarks of the Belle Époque of Rio, such as the Municipal Theatre and the National Library building. [99], Afro-Brazilian religions such as Umbanda and Candomblé find support in various social segments, although professed by less than 2% of the population, many Cariocas simultaneously observe those practices with Roman Catholicism. Acesse O Globo! While samba music continues to act as the national unifying agent in Rio, Funk Carioca found a strong community following in Brazil. The trams are the first in the world to use a combination of ground-level power supply (APS) and on-board supercapacitor energy storage (SRS), in order to eliminate overhead lines along the entire route. With its genesis in the 1970s as the modern black pop music from the United States, it evolved in the 1990s to describe a variety of electronic music associated with the current US black music scene, including hip hop, modern soul, and house music. [99][103], There are significant disparities between the rich and the poor in Rio de Janeiro, and different socioeconomic groups are largely segregated into different neighborhoods. [110], Greater Rio de Janeiro, as perceived by the IBGE, has a GDP of US$187 billion, constituting the second largest hub of national wealth. [122], Compared to other cities, Rio de Janeiro's economy is the 2nd largest in Brazil, behind São Paulo, and the 30th largest in the world with a GDP of R$ 201,9 billion in 2010. In July 2007, Rio successfully organized and hosted the XV Pan American Games. There was a large influx of African slaves to Rio de Janeiro: in 1819, there were 145,000 slaves in the captaincy. High rise flats and sprawling shopping centers give the area a far more modern feel than the crowded city centre. This region is home to the Maracanã stadium (located in Grande Tijuca), once the world's highest capacity football venue, able to hold nearly 199,000 people, as it did for the World Cup final of 1950. The results of the tests of genomic ancestry are quite different from the self made estimates of European ancestry. While the city had in past had a thriving tourism sector, the industry entered a decline in the last quarter of the 20th century. Another military revolt occurred in 1922, the 18 of the Copacabana Fort revolt, a march against the Old Republic's coronelism and café com leite politics. After the opening in 1893, workers from Great Britain arrived in Bangu to work in the textile factory. In summer there can be strong rains, which have, on some occasions, provoked catastrophic floods and landslides. [25], At the time Brazil's Old Republic was established, the city lacked urban planning and sanitation, which helped spread several diseases, such as yellow fever, dysentery, variola, tuberculosis and even black death. The statues on the top, of two women representing Poetry and Music, are by Rodolfo Bernardelli, and the interior is rich with furnishings and fine paintings. The city is commonly divided into the historic center (Centro); the tourist-friendly wealthier South Zone (Zona Sul); the residential less wealthy North Zone (Zona Norte); peripheries in the West Zone (Zona Oeste), among them Santa Cruz, Campo Grande and the wealthy newer Barra da Tijuca district. Últimas notícias da cidade do Rio de Janeiro, Baixada Fluminense e de todo o estado. Construction, also an important activity, provides a significant source of employment for large numbers of unskilled workers and is buoyed by the number of seasonal residents who build second homes in the Greater Rio de Janeiro area. From the terrace there is a panoramic view of the zone. The complex spans approximately 90 thousand square metres (1 million square feet) and also features a chamber music hall, three theaters, and 12 rehearsal rooms. It was named after Brazilian ex-FIFA president João Havelange. March is a warm month in Rio - if you are wondering how to stay cool, here are some ways Cariocas beat the heat in … You will be accompanied by a professional guide and have hotel pickup and drop-off included. Before European colonization, there were at least seven different indigenous peoples speaking 20 languages in the region. However, during the Olympics the lagoon hosted the rowing competitions and there were numerous concerns about potential infection resulting from human sewage.[43]. There are 370 secondary schools with 9,699 teachers and 227,892 students. The city has a history as host of major international sports events. There is also a ferry to Cocotá. The port handled 852 thousand tons of wheat, more than 1.8 million tons of iron and steel, over a million tons of liquid bulk cargo, almost 830 thousand tons of dry bulk, over five thousand tons of paper goods, and over 78 thousand vehicles. Oil and natural gas from fields off the northern coast of Rio de Janeiro state are a major asset used for developing manufacturing activities in Rio's metropolitan area, enabling it to compete with other major cities for new investment in industry. [176], Rio de Janeiro has three subway lines (Metrô Rio) with 58 kilometres (36 mi) and 41 stations plus several commuter rail lines. Due to the high concentration of industries in the metropolitan region, the city has faced serious problems of environmental pollution. Eventually this French settlement became too much of a threat to the established Portuguese colony and in 1560 the order was made to get rid of them. Those who joined the French were then exterminated by the Portuguese, while the other part was assimilated.[84]. The city hosted the World Youth Day in 2013, the second World Youth Day in South America and first in Brazil. The home of many universities and institutes, it is the second-largest center of research and development in Brazil, accounting for 17 percent of national scientific output according to 2005 data. [117], To attract industry, the state government has designated certain areas on the outskirts of the city as industrial districts where infrastructure is provided and land sales are made under special conditions. [184] The system may be relatively safe by day but less so at night. [24], Donohoe was horrified to discover that there was absolutely no knowledge of football among Brazilians. Westwards from the older zones of Rio, Barra da Tijuca is a flat complex of barrier islands of formerly undeveloped coastal land, which constantly experiences new constructions and developments. To the north of Leme, and at the entrance to Guanabara Bay, is the district of Urca and the Sugarloaf Mountain ('Pão de Açúcar'), whose name describes the famous mountain rising out of the sea. Carnaval, is an annual celebration in the Roman Catholic tradition that allows merry-making and red meat consumption before the more sober 40 days of Lent penance which culminates with Holy or Passion Week and Easter. Rio de Janeiro also hosted the MotoGP Brazilian Grand Prix from 1995 to 2004 and the Champ Car event from 1996 to 1999. The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro is the second largest archdiocese in Brazil after São Paulo. After lunch, travel through the Tijuca Rain Forest to the statue of Christ the Redeemer on top of Corcovado Mountain. People can buy tickets for the Metro at train stations and can either buy single tickets or rechargeable cards. Major international pharmaceutical companies have their Brazilian headquarters in Rio such as: Merck, Roche, Arrow, Darrow, Baxter, Mayne, and Mappel. Later, the Jacarepaguá circuit in Rio de Janeiro was the site for the Formula One Brazilian Grand Prix from 1978 to 1989.

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