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Although there were hopes that 1991 would bring peace to the second largest nation in Africa, these hopes have been shattered. Abdel-Moneim Abul-Fotouh: 652 According to an analysis by the International Crisis Group think tank, Abiy told a local media outlet that talk of a military intervention in the Tigray region was "insane" and said there were no plans for one under any circumstances. }, Page last modified: Presidential Election, April 9 President Omar Guelleh is planning to extend his tenure to a fifth term in Djibouti’s presidential elections that are not expected to be free or fair. In addition to whether and when the election will take place, another challenge to Abiy is the proliferation in the number of opposition political parties, namely more than 100. The past two presidents, Negasso Gidada, and Girma Wolde-Giorgis, have hailed from the Oromo ethnic group, the country's largest, and thus it has been speculated that the ruling party, the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front, will again nominate an Oromo candidate. But the government of the Tigray region refused to abide by the decision, seeing the postponement as an attempt by Abiy, the 2019 Nobel Peace laureate, to prolong his hold on power and curtail the region's autonomy. Ethiopia general elections. Although the 1995 el… Despite representing an ethnic minority, The TPLF dominated Ethiopia's ruling coalition for nearly three decades before anti-government protests led to Abiy's appointment as prime minister in 2018. Some political dissidents have voiced scepticism about change as long as Mr Ahmed’s EPRDF remains in power. Ethiopia In September, the northern region of Tigray in Ethiopia defied Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed to hold local elections. var script = document.createElement("script"); ... Other African presidential elections. d.setTime(d.getTime() + 60 * 60 * 24 * 2 * 1000); READ MORE Ethiopia: Indefinite postponement of polls raising political tempers Elections and instability as Africa enters 2021 No fewer than 10 presidential elections are planned for 2021 – in Benin, Cape Verde, Chad, The Gambia, São Tomé and Príncipe, Somalia, South Sudan, Uganda, the Republic of the Congo and Zambia. Ahmed, who took office in April 2018, pledged to open up the state-dominated economy and has taken steps to end decades of hostility with neighbouring Eritrea — moves that could reshape the country and the broader Horn of Africa region. Abiy, who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2019 largely for his efforts at reconciliation with Ethiopia's neighbor and longtime foe Eritrea, has promised that this year's vote will be free and fair. And women now hold 37 percent of Ethiopia’s parliamentary seats, almost twice the ratio of women in the U.S. Congress. The country had regular parliamentary elections since the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) took power in 1991 but, with one exception, none was competitive. But the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF), which governs the region, is expected to press ahead with the vote for a new administration. Uncertainty looms large in the Horn of Africa as Somalia prepares for its delayed and contentious elections normally meant to take place when the president's term expires on 8 February. Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed of Ethiopia said 27 August 2018 that the 2020 election will be free and not be delayed by his sweeping reforms to the African nation’s politics, economy and diplomacy. Relations between the TPLF and the federal government have deteriorated markedly since the former refused to join the prime minister's Prosperity Party when it was formed in 2019. Ethiopia has regularly held elections since 1995, but with the exception of the 2005 election, no election has been competitive. The prime minister has called on them to merge, suggesting that three to six are enough. "The total seats for all the regional constituencies were won by the TPLF," regional election commissioner Muluwork Kidanemariam said on 11 September 2929, referring to the Tigray People's Liberation Front. The tensions between Kenya and Ethiopia came to the surface once again in August 2019, during the Jubbaland presidential election. Several persons have been the subject of speculation by various media sources as potential candidates in the election. The decision was supported by his Prosperity Party and major opposition parties. Ethiopia will hold a parliamentary election on June 5, the electoral board said on Friday, as Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed seeks to quell political and ethnic violence in several regions. But his party would have faced a stiff challenge from many newly resurgent regional, ethnically-based parties. Plans to hold the parliamentary and regional council elections in May were postponed as neither authorities nor parties would be ready, Mideksa had said in January. Ethiopia is also having all-important general elections. script.setAttribute("onerror", "setNptTechAdblockerCookie(true);"); document.getElementsByTagName("head")[0].appendChild(script); "Looking at parts of the country which will be affected by the rainy season, pushing the schedule a little further will ease our burden," NEBE Chairwoman Birtukan Mideksa said at a conference on election preparations taking place in the capital, Addis Ababa. The governing party in Ethiopia's northern Tigray region won all contested seats in elections that have further affected an already hostile relationship with the federal government. Sahle-Work’s appointment Thursday follows a Cabinet reorganization by Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed that resulted in women getting 50 percent of the government’s top ministerial positions. The House of Peoples' Representatives shall nominate the candidate for President. 09-11-2020 15:43:48 ZULU. Ethiopia planned to hold its general elections in August 2020. There is no demarcation between the ruling party and the government or the state. The presidential election held on 7 October 2013,[1] was the fourth presidential election of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia to elect the country's third president. For that reason, Djibouti facilitates the vast majority of landlocked neighbor Ethiopia’s foreign trade. Ethiopia has postponed parliamentary and presidential elections scheduled for August due to the coronavirus outbreak, the electoral commission … In the 2005 poll, riots erupted after the opposition cried foul, security forces killed nearly 200 protesters, and the government jailed many opposition politicians. Ethiopia's parliamentary election will be held on 29 August 2020, the country's electoral board said 14 February 2020. “My dream and ambition is for democratic elections to be held,” the 42-year-old prime minister said.  Ethiopia is also having all-important general elections. Ethiopia's parliament made Sahle-Work Zewde the country's first female president on October 25, 2018. script.setAttribute("src", "//www.npttech.com/advertising.js"); Several persons have been the subject of speculation by various media sources as potential candidates in the election. Dr. Mulatu Teshome Wirtu, the president of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (FDRE), was elected President of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia for a term of six years on October 7, 2013 by the joint session of the House of People’s Representatives and the House of Federation of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. Date: June 5. In late December 2020, the National Election Board of Ethiopia (NEBE) stated that it would take place on 5 June 2021. In Ethiopia, parliamentary elections slated for 29 August were pushed to mid-2021, while in Somalia the deadline for December 2020 parliamentary elections was missed, although the scheduled February 2021 date for the presidential polls still remains on the calendar. Elections could lead to political crises . The official turnout was "97 or 98 percent" from more than 2.6 million registered voters, Muluwork said. The electoral board has the financing and capacity to conduct the polls in the country of 105 million. There are no fewer than nine presidential elections planned for 2021 – in Benin, Cape Verde, Chad, The Gambia, São Tomé & Príncipe, Somalia, South Sudan, Uganda and Zambia. Ethiopia's parliament has approved allowing Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed to stay one more year in office after elections planned for August were postponed due to the coronavirus pandemic. No fewer than 10 presidential elections are planned for 2021 – in Benin, Cape Verde, Chad, The Gambia, São Tomé and Príncipe, Somalia, South Sudan, Uganda, the Republic of … Abiy had promised to hold free and fair elections in August and has been positioning himself as a unity candidate whose reforms could replace state repression as the glue to hold together Ethiopia's often fractious federal regions. [2] Mulatu Teshome was elected by the parliament to a six-year term. ... the Secretariat of the Commonwealth to investigate fraud and human rights violations "which have de-legitimised" the presidential elections. AfricaIntelligence (March 2, 2021 – in French): Presidential election: the campaign of Ismaïl Omar Guelleh begins in cacophony addisstandard/March 18, 2021/ By Etenesh Abera @EteneshAb Addis Abeba March 18, 2021 – The Sixth National Election that was scheduled to take place in August 2020 was postponed indefinitely due to the outbreak of Covid-19 in the country and is now set to be held in … Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed delayed the August 2020 polls until May or June 2021 due to the coronavirus outbreak. After political deadlock during much of this year, Somalia is at the last minute organizing parliamentary elections for December 2020 and presidential … Cape Verde will have two sets of elections in March and later in October. General elections were supposed to be held in Ethiopia on 29 August 2020 to elect officials to the House of Peoples' Representatives, but were delayed due to the COVID-19 pandemic. It is obvious that Tigray had a real problem and it was struggling to reinvent itself in terms of its role within the Ethiopian federation. EU declines law firm’s request to impose sanctions on Dar over polls. The annual inflation rate in Ethiopia climbed to 20.6% in February of 2021 from 19.2% in the previous month. "We know there is an open threat by Abiy to militarily intervene against Tigray and to cut funds, but we will still go ahead with the vote," said Getachew Reda, the TPLF spokesman and a former federal information minister. This escalated tensions with the federal government. [citation needed], As a parliamentary republic, most administrative power and the effective ability is vested in the prime minister and his government, rather than the president, leaving the president as primarily a figurehead executive. Led by Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, the federal government postponed the general election in March because of the coronavirus pandemic. However, the president retains significant Reserve powers granted by the constitution. But he has repeatedly said there would be consequences, without going into details. The ruling coalition, in power since ousting dictator, Mengistu Haile Mariam in 1991, has long been accused by the opposition of crushing dissent, a charge it had denied, though Mr Ahmed has spoken frankly since taking office about past abuses. (function(src){var a=document.createElement("script");a.type="text/javascript";a.async=true;a.src=src;var b=document.getElementsByTagName("script")[0];b.parentNode.insertBefore(a,b)})("//experience.tinypass.com/xbuilder/experience/load?aid=bYdYZQml5V"); The President of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia is the Head of State, a largely symbolic and ceremonial post. In June last year, its upper house of parliament approved a recommendation to postpone the elections … The conduct and results of the vote will have a ripple effect on the social, political and economic relations in the Horn of Africa. Current president Faure Gnassingbé, who has been in power since 2005 when his father died, is expected to extend his rule as he’s now expected to be the sole candidate on the ballot. The Tigrayan political scientist Yemane Zerai said that there was little point to legalistic theorizing. #ga-ad {display: none;} With the war launched against the northern region of Tigray in November, Ethiopia’s electoral calendar is now in doubt. "Due to the pandemic we were forced to suspend our activities," said an Amharic-language statement from the National Electoral Board of Ethiopia. The problem in Tigray is the culture of democratisation. The vote would be the first under Abiy, who took office in April 2018 and began introducing political and economic reforms. We should work wholeheartedly by building public trust,” Abiy Ahmed, this year’s Nobel peace prize winner, told parliament. “Democracy needs exercise. var setNptTechAdblockerCookie = function(adblocker) { Regional and municipal council elections were also planned to be held at the same time around the country. Ethiopia postponed its parliamentary election scheduled for August due to the coronavirus outbreak, the electoral board said on 31 March 2020, a move endorsed by some key opposition parties. Presidential Elections Postponed in Ethiopia. } [1] Incumbent president Girma Wolde-Giorgis is barred from seeking re-election due to term limits. Date: 2021. Ethiopia’s planned elections in 2020 could determine the fate of the country and impact regional stability. ETHIOPIA POSTPONES August parliamentary and presidential elections due to coronavirus outbreak, says electoral commission Abiy has introduced a series of sweeping political and economic adjustments, including granting amnesty to thousands of political prisoners, but his reforms have also unleashed ethnic rivalries that have spilled into violence. The final results of the election will be announced from August 30 to September 8, according to the new schedule. It was the highest inflation rate since last July, driven largely by persistently high food prices amid the pandemic crisis, political instability and the locust infestation experienced in some parts of the country. Ethiopia has regularly held elections since 1995, but with the exception of the 2005 election, no election has been competitive. Officials for both the federal and regional governments saw themselves as following Ethiopia's constitution and the rule of law. There have been significant protests in Togo of the Gnassingbé’s dynastic rule, given the president’s father seized control himself in 1967. The country’s lawmakers last year oka… The past two presidents, Negasso Gidada, and Girma Wolde-Giorgis, have hailed from the Oromo ethnic group, the country's largest, and thus it has been speculated that the ruling party, the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front, will again nominate an Oromo candidate. Ahmed Shafiq: 667. var d = new Date(); Presidential Election, February 22 The headline of Togo’s presidential elections is President Faure Gnassingbé’s efforts to stay in power for a fourth term—and extending the hold his family has had on the presidency since 1967. document.cookie = "__adblocker=; expires=Thu, 01 Jan 1970 00:00:00 GMT; path=/"; Togo will hold the first African presidential election of the year on Feb. 22. Results of Egyptian expatriate presidential elections votes in France declared on Friday: Number of votes for each candidate: Hamdeen Sabbahi: 687. Back in March, Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed postponed parliamentary elections scheduled for 29 of August. The spokesman for Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed called the move “historic” and said it shows women will play key roles in Ethiopian politics. Tigray held its own … Ethiopia’s first shot at real democracy could be derailed before elections are held Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, left, returns to Addis Ababa … "The political relations will determine the relationship," he said, "which can lead us into a peaceful coexistence or it can take us to total disengagement, which can lead to the disintegration of the Ethiopian state — or at least to the separation of the Tigrayan state.". The trajectory of the last five elections from 1995 to 2015 also confirms a rugged political path. "true" : "false") + "; expires=" + d.toUTCString() + "; path=/"; Ethiopia’s transitions have always been violent. Ethiopia will face problems if it delays its general election beyond the scheduled date of May 2020, the prime minister said on 22 October 2019. The announcement came weeks after the National Electoral Board of Ethiopia (NEBE) had proposed August 16 as a tentative date for the election, a first test of voter support for Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed. And while the role is largely ceremonial, her appointment carried power in what it signifies. Ethiopia's parliamentary election will be held on 29 August 2020, the country's electoral board said 14 February 2020. The August vote had been regarded as an important test of the reformist agenda of Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed in what was once one of the continent's most repressive nations. The Abiy administration must do its part to ensure that the Ethiopian people can fully realize the reforms and respect for human rights and inclusive governance … The National Elections Board of Ethiopia, NEBE, has announced a tentative date for national elections.The outfit proposed that polls should be held August 16, 2020. Several African countries have upcoming presidential votes this year, including Burundi and Tanzania. The remaining 38 seats will be allocated after negotiations among the five political parties who participated in the vote, meaning there is still a chance for some opposition representation. The change of 1916 was carried out by a palace coup, the transition of 1974 by a people’s revolution, and 1991 by the victory of guerrilla forces. In May the sitting House of Representatives voted to postpone the election until 2021. The regional parliament comprises 190 seats - 152 of which were up for grabs in polls that took place on Wednesday. The nominee shall be elected President if a joint session of the House of Peoples' Representatives and the House of the Federation approves his candidacy by a two-thirds majority vote. Having lost its national prominence, the TPLF turned inward. Kenya once … This year’s election is a defining moment for the country’s stability. @media only screen and (min-device-width : 320px) and (max-device-width : 480px) { She also headed the U.N. office in Nairobi. These reforms opened up what was once one of Africa’s most repressive nations but also stoked violence as emboldened regional strongmen build ethnic powerbases and compete over political influence and resources. document.cookie = "__adblocker=" + (adblocker ? If we say we cannot hold elections now, it will bring a lot of problems. He said the ruling Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) coalition’s focus in 2019 would be on “preparations for free elections to be held.” Ahmed promised to give more room to opponents in a nation of 100 million where no opposition lawmakers sit in parliament. Previous elections in Ethiopia, a parliamentary democracy, have been marred by allegations of rigging and intimidation of the opposition. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. The board will announce a new timeline once the pandemic has subsided, it said. The 73-year-old leader, whose patronage-based rule relies on military support for his regime, has been in power since 1999. Then, a couple months later, the government decided to postpone the election until 2021. Sahle-Work previously served at the U.N. Special Representative to the African Union and Ethiopian Ambassador to France, Senegal and Djibouti. “Otherwise, what legitimacy can any official have without the mandate earned through elections?” He said elections, due in 2020, should not be delayed until the reforms he has announced are completed. [citation needed], A presidential candidate is required to be elected by a joint session of the upper house and lower house of the Ethiopian parliament, the Federal Parliamentary Assembly, the House of Federation and the House of People's Representatives, respectively.[3][4]. Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front, "Dr. Mulatu Teshome elected new President of Ethiopia", "Ethiopian president reelected for new six-year-term", "Haile Gebrselassie turns sights on Ethopian presidency", "Gebrselassie wants to rule athletics and country", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=2013_Ethiopian_presidential_election&oldid=919074333, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from November 2018, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Pages using infobox election with unknown parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 October 2019, at 18:12. The ruling party in the region, the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF), sent political shockwaves across Ethiopia, when it announced that elections for … Ethiopia rolls out AstraZeneca jab, says no evidence of harm. Curated News and Analysis. script.setAttribute("async", true); On 05 September 2020, the House of Federation, the upper chamber of Ethiopia's legislature, unanimously declared elections for the Tigray regional parliament "unconstitutional" and the results "therefore void."

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